In this lesson we are going to learn some more really useful Italian words. After this lesson you’ll have a chance to revise your Italian knowledge with a list of all the words and phrases we’ve learned so far. Then we’re going to test you, so get ready!

In this lesson we’ll see:

  • Ho sete
  • A dopo!
  • Troppo
  • Solo
  • Perché
  • Italian for “I’m Thirsty”

    Ho sete in Italian means I’m thirsty.

    Ho sete

    After “mangiare” (eating) it might be useful to know how to say you’re thirsty when you’re thirsty after eating your large Italian meal.

    • “Sete” is a feminine noun (grammatically!) which means “thirst”. In italian you say “I have thirst” rather than “I’m thirsty”. In Italian in general, it’s more common to say “I have …” when talking about your state, rather than use an adjective like “thirsty”. So Italians say “I have hunger”, “I have sleepiness”, and so on.
    • The “s” in “sete” is prounced as in English.

    “See You Later” in Italian

    A dopo! means See you later!.

    A dopo!

    “Dopo” in Italian means later or afterwards. “A” here means something like “at” or “in”. The whole phrase can be translated as “See you later.”.

    “A dopo” is commonly used in Italian, just like “See you later” in English.

    It can be used in both informal and formal situations.

    “A presto”, which we’ve already seen, is just as often used as “a dopo”.

    Italian for “Too Much”

    Troppo in Italian means too much.

    Troppo

    If someone pours too much wine in your glass, now you know the way to stop them pouring more. Just say “È troppo!”.

    • Don’t forget, the two p’s must be pronounced distinctly, almost as though this was two words: trop-po.

    Italian for “Only”

    Solo is the Italian for only or alone.

    Solo
    “Solo” in Italian has a meaning that’s related closely to the English word “solo”, as in “guitar solo” for example — only the guitar plays, alone! For example, you can say “Vorrei solo una torta” (I’d like only one cake).
    • We have already learned how to say “I am” in Italian: “io sono”. Now you can say “sono solo” which means “I’m alone”. But “solo” needs to change if you’re female. If you’re a female and you’re talking about yourself, you’ll have to say “io sono sola“.

    “Why” in Italian

    Perché means why or because.

    Perché
    Remember that perché has two meanings. Say “perché?” if you want to ask “why?” or when you want to know the reason for something.
    • Note that perché is written with acute accent which means that the accent on the final “e” slopes up from the left to the right.
    • Vowels in Italian often have grave accents, but e can have either grave or acute, depending on the word. In both cases, it means the emphasis is on the final syllable. Usually è is pronounced “open” (just the “e” sound by itself), while é is pronounced “closed”, with a hint of a “y” sound after the “e”. But don’t worry too much about these fairly subtle differences, which in any case can vary from region to region.

    Exercises

    Translate the following sentences into English (when they’re Italian to start with) or into Italian (for the English sentences).

    Click the link below to view the answers. Don’t forget to also read all the examples out loud at least two or three times.

    1. Sono sola.
    2. Questo è troppo.
    3. Bevo perché ho sete.
    4. Non ho sete.
    5. Why am I alone?
    Show answers »
    1. I’m alone.
    2. This is too much.
    3. I drink because I’m thirsty.
    4. I’m not thirsty.
    5. Perché sono sola?

    In the next lesson we’re going to see a summary of everything we’ve seen so far.

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