In the previous lesson we learned about plurals in Italian.

This time we’ll continue the previous lesson by learning which Italian plural articles to use before your Italian plural words.

In other words, we’re going to look at how you translate things like “the trains” in Italian.

We hope you still remember the words from the previous lesson, because we’re going to use the same ones :).

In Italian there are four definite articles, corresponding to “the” in English.

  • il is a masculine definite article.
  • lo is a masculine definite article.
  • la is a feminine definite article.
  • l’ can be either masculine or feminine.

 

All of these definite articles have a plural form, as follows.

  • il => i
  • lo => gli
  • la => le
  • l’ => gli (when masculine)
  • l’ => le (when feminine)

 

Examples for masculine nouns:

  • il gatto (the cat) => i gatti (the cats)
  • lo studente (the student) => gli studenti (the students)
  • l’albero (tree) => gli alberi (trees)

 

Examples for feminine nouns:

  • la casa (house) => le case (houses)
  • l’anatra (the duck) => le anatre (the ducks)

 


Sometimes singular Italian words end in “e”. These words are most often masculine (but not always!). Usually the ending of these words changes to “i” in the plural.

Example:

  • il cane (dog) => i cani (dogs)

More examples below.

 

Italian for “The Boys”

I ragazzi in Italian means the boys.

I ragazzi

In the singular you’ll have to say il ragazzo and in plural you’ll have to say i ragazzi.

Italian for “The Girls”

Le ragazze in Italian means the girls.

Le ragazze

In the singular you’ll have to say la ragazza and in plural you’ll have to say le ragazze.

The Italian for “Students”

Gli studenti means the students.

Gli studenti

In the singular you’ll have to say lo studente and in plural you’ll have to say the students.

Italian for “Houses”

Le case means the houses.

Le case

In the singular you’ll have to say la casa and in plural you’ll have to say le case.

Italian for “the Restaurants”

I ristoranti in Italian means the restaurants.

I ristoranti

In the singular you’ll have to say il ristorante and in plural you’ll have to say i ristoranti.

Italian for the “Trains”

I treni means the trains.

I treni

In the singular you’ll have to say il treno and in plural you’ll have to say i treni.

The Italian for “The Psychologists”

Gli psicologi means the trains.

Gli psicologi

In the singular you’ll have to say lo psicologo and in plural you’ll have to say gli psicologi.

The Italian for “Beers”

Le birre means the beers.

Le birre

In the singular you’ll have to say la birra and in plural you’ll have to say le birre.

Italian for “The Books”

I libri means the books.

I libri

In the singular you’ll have to say il libro and in plural you’ll have to say i libri.

The Italian for “Women”

Le donne is Italian for the women.

Le donne

In the singular you’ll have to say la donna and in plural you’ll have to say le donne.

Italian for “The Men”

Gli uomini in Italian means men.

Gli uomini

In the singular you’ll have to say l’uomo and in plural you’ll have to say gli uomini.

Notice that this word is irregular. The ending does change from “o” to “i”, but the rest of the word changes a bit in the plural also.

Funnily enough, the word for “men” in Italian is not dissimilar to the word “women” in English (!)

Exercises

Try to guess the plural form of the following nouns and their articles.

Click the link below to view the answers.

  1. la casa (the house)
  2. il treno (the train)
  3. l`aeroporto (the airport)
  4. il vino (the vine)
  5. lo zucchero (the sugar)
  6. il museo (the museum)
  7. la stazione (the station)
  8. la torre (the tower)
Show answers »
  1. le case (the houses)
  2. i treni (the trains)
  3. gli aeroporti (the airports)
  4. i vini (the vines)
  5. gli zuccheri (the sugars)
  6. i musei (the museums)
  7. le stazioni (the stations)
  8. le torri (the towers)

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